Arthroscopy involves looking at the inside of the knee joint with a small telescope and camera (arthroscope). The image is projected onto a television monitor via a fiber optic cable. This “keyhole surgery” allows the surgeon to fully inspect and repair any problems including cartilage, bone, meniscus and ligament damage.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the four main ligaments of the knee. It is one of the main stabilisers of the knee especially in translation and rotational movements ie twisting and sliding movements. When the ACL has torn, it has no ability to heal. Therefore it cannot be repaired. Surgery to treat this problem is required to reconstruct the damaged ligament with a “new” ligament (graft).